Rivers Of India | Map, Tributaries, Constructions

The term river system refers to the river along with its branches. Based on their source, the Indian River system is classified into-Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers. 

Rivers Of India 

The rivers of India have great importance in the lives of Indian peoples as well as the animal and plant kingdom. The river system of India provides many facilities to Indian livelihoods like irrigation, portable water, electricity, cheap transportation, etc. to the second biggest populated country. this is also a reason why all the major cities of the country are located by the banks of the rivers. Rivers in India also have an important role in Hindu mythology and are also considered holy by all Hindus across the country.

With the greatest network of the Himalayan and peninsular rivers, India is believed to be the land of rivers. many of the ancient civilizations thrived on the banks of rivers in India. Himalayan rivers originate from Himalayan ranges and are perennial while peninsular rivers are fed by rain and they include those rising from the western ghats.

Rivers of India map

Rivers of India Map

HIMALAYAN RIVERS

The main Himalayan river systems include Ganga, Indus, and the Brahmaputra.  many of the rivers pass through the Himalayas. Their deep valleys with the steep rock sides were formed by the down-cutting of the river during the period of the Himalayan uplift. They there perform intense erosional activity up the streams and carry a huge load of sand and slit. In the plains, they form large meanders, and different variety of depositional features like the flood plain, river cliffs, and leaves.


These rivers get water from the rainfall as well as the melting ice so these rivers are perennial. Huge plains are created by nearly all of them and they provide navigation over a long distance of their course. The rivers here are also harnessed in their upstream catchment area to generate hydroelectric power.


The major Himalayan River systems are

  1. The Indus River System
  2. The Ganga River System
  3. The Yamuna River System
  4. The Brahmaputra River System

PENINSULAR RIVERS

The main Indian peninsular river system contain the Narmada, Tapi, the Godavari, Krishna, the Kaveri, and Mahanadi. The peninsular rivers: they flow through the shallow valleys, a large number of them are dependent on the rainfall they are seasonal they flow only seasonally. The intensity of the erosional activities here is comparatively low because of the gentler slopes. The lack of slit, the hard rock bed, and sand does not allow any significant meandering here. Therefore, many of the rivers here have straight and linear courses. These rivers also provide a huge opportunity for the production of hydroelectric power.


Peninsular River System or Peninsular Drainage emerges basically from the Western Ghats. Since the Western Ghats form a water peak, these rivers either flow eastwards into the Bay of Bengal or into the Arabian Sea towards the west. Peninsular Rivers are mainly rainfall-dependent rivers. They drain into the Bay of Bengal as they flow eastwards on the plateau and form deltas at their mouths; whereas the Narmada, Tapti-the west-flowing rivers fall into the Arabian Sea and make arms. These don't start in glaciers but are rainfall-dependent rivers. These rivers degrade enormously or dry up during summers.


The major Peninsular River Systems are:

  1. Mahanadi
  2. Godavari
  3. Krishna
  4. Kaveri (Cauvery)

Rivers in India


Name of river Area(Sq.Km.) Length(In India) Originates from Ends in Places Benified
Ganga 1.08 million 2525 Gangotri in Uttrakhand Bay of Bengal Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand,Bihar,West Bengal
Yamuna 366223 1376 Angsi Glacier in Tibet Bay Of Bengal Delhi, Haryana and UP
Indus 3,21,289 1114 In Tibet in northern slopes of mount Kailash Arabian Sea India and Pakistan
Brahmaputra 194413 916 Angsi glacier in Tibet Bay of Bengal Assam, Arunachal Pradesh
Godavari 3,12,812 1465 Triambakeshwar in Maharashtra Bay of Bengal South-eastern part of Andhra Pradesh
Kaveri 81155 765 Brahmagiri hills in Kogadu, Karnataka Bay of Bengal Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
Krishna 258948 1400 Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Bay of Bengal Maharashtra & Andhra Pradesh
Narmada 98,796 1312 Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh Arabian Sea Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra
Tapti 65,300 724 Betul district of Madhya Pradesh in the Satpura range Arabian Sea Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra
Mahanadi 1,41,600 858 Sihava mountains of Chhattisgarh Bay of Bengal Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa
Vaigai 7,741 258 Varusanadu Hills Bay of Bengal Madurai in Tamil Nadu
Periyar 5,398 244 Sivagiri peaks of Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu. Bay of Bengal Tamil Nadu and Kerala
Thamirabarani 4,400 185 Agastyarkoodam peak of Pothigai hills of the Western Ghats. Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu

THE INDUS RIVER SYSTEM

The Indus is originated from the Man Sarovar in the northern slopes of the Kailash ranges. It follows a northwesterly course through Tibet and then it enters Indian territory in Jammu and Kashmir.

All these forms and create a picturesque gorge in this part. Several tributaries: the Zaskar, the Shayok, the Nubra and the Hunza joins it in the Kashmir region. it then flows through the region of Ladakh, Baltistan, and Gilgit and flows between the Ladakh Range and the Zaskar Range. It then crosses the Himalayas through a 5181-meter-deep gorge near Attock, lying north of the Nanga Parbat and after that later takes a bend in the southwest direction before entering the country Pakistan and has a total length of 2897 kilometers approximately from the source to the point near Karachi where it then falls into the Arabian Sea. In India Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej are the main tributes of the Indus River system.


Chenab

Chenab originates from the confluence of two big rivers namely Chandra and Bhaga, and these rivers originate from the side of Bara Lacha Pass in Lahaul. Chenab is also known as the Chandrabaga in Himachal Pradesh. It flows parallel to the Pir Panjal range in the northwesterly direction and then cuts through the range near Kishtwar. And after that enters the plain of Punjab near Akhnur and is at last joined by the Jhelum. It is also further joined by Ravi and Sutlej in the country Pakistan.


Jhelum

Jhelum is originated from the southeastern part of Kashmir, in spring at Verinag. It runs into the Wular Lake, which is in the north, and then into Baramula. Between Muzaffarabad and Baramula it enters a deep gorge cut by the river in the Pir Panjal range. It also has a right bank tributary which is the Krishanganga which joins Jhelum at Muzaffarabad. It flows through the Indo-Pakistan border flowing into the plain of Punjab, and alt last joins the Chenab at Trimmu.


Ravi

Ravi is originated from the Rohtang pass in the Kangra Himalayas and follows a northwesterly course. It then turns to the southwest, near the Dalhousie, and then cuts a gorge in the Dhaola Dhar range entering into the Punjab plain in the Madhopur region. It also flows as a part of the Indo-Pakistan border for some distance before entering the country Pakistan and joining the Chenab river. The total length of the river approximately is 720 kilometers.


Beas

Beas originates in the Beas Kund, which is placed near the Rohtang pass. It flows in past Manali and Kulu, where it gives spirit to a beautiful valley named as Kulu Valley. The river first follows a northwest path from the town Mandi and later a westerly path, before entering the Punjab plains near Mirthal. It joins the Sutlej river near Harika, after being joined by a few tributaries. Its estimated length is about 615 kilometers.


Sutlej

Sutlej is originated from Rakas Lake. Rakas lake is connected to the Manasarovar lake by a stream, in Tibet. It flows in a northwesterly direction and enters into Himachal Pradesh at the shipki pass, where it then joins by the sipti river. It also cuts deep gorges in a hill range, the Naina Devi Dhar, the Bhakra Dam which has a large reservoir of water, known as the Gobind Sagar, has been constructed. It then turns west below Rupar and is later joined in the Beas. It then enters Pakistan near Sulemanki and is later joined by the river Chenab. The total estimated length of the river is about 1500 kilometers.

The Brahmaputra River System

The Brahmaputra originates from the Mansarovar lake, also the source of the Indus and Satluj. It is slightly more-longer than the Indus, but most of its course lies outside the land of India. It flows eastward, parallel to the Himalayas mountains. When it reaches Namcha Barwa (traveling 7757 m), it then takes a U-turn around Namcha Barwa and then enters India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh and is known there by the name of dihang. The undercutting done by this river here is of the order of 5500 m. In India, it flows through Arunachal Pradesh and then Assam and is joined by several tributaries.
The water of the Brahmaputra river also flows in the Tibet region there it is known by the name of Tsangpo. Tsangpo receives less volume of water from the Brahmaputra so it has less slit. But in India, it passes through the region where there is a heavy rainfall that is the region it carries a large amount of rainfall and has a considerable amount of slit. The Brahmaputra has a braided channel throughout most of its length in Assam with a few large islands also within the channel. 

The Narmada River System

The Narmada also called as Nerbudda is a river in central India. A traditional boundary of the total length of 1,289 kilometers between North India and South India is formed by the Narmada River System. The Narmada, the Tapi, and the Mahi are the only rivers that run from east to west from all the major rivers of peninsular India. The Narmada rises on the summit of Amarkantak hill in the state of Madhya Pradesh and flows along with the winds of Mandala hills for the first 200 miles (320 kilometers) which is said to form the head of Satpura range, then flows through the Jabalpur passing through the “Marble Rocks’, then it enters the Narmada valley between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges, and gives itself a way to direct westerly course to the Gulf of Cambay. Its total length calculated from the state of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujrat is approximately 1312 kilometers (815) which is really a big length. And at last, it empties itself into the Arabian Sea in the Bharucha district of Gujrat.

The Tapti River System

Tapti is a river present in central India. Having a length of around 724 it is regarded as one of the major rivers of peninsular India. Also only from the rivers of India which flow from east to west namely the Narmada river, the Mahi river, and the Tapti river.
Talking about its flow: it rises from the eastern part of the Satpura range of southern Madhya Pradesh and starts flowing westwards, crossing the historic Nimar region of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra’s historic Khandesh, and east Vidarbha regions in the northwest corners of the Deccan plateau and then the south Gujrat and at last drains itself to the Gulf of Cambay of the Arabian sea in Gujrat.
The river basins of Tapi lie mostly in the northern and eastern districts of Maharashtra state namely, Amravati, Akola, buldhana, Washim, Jalgaon, Dhule,nandurbar, Malegaon, Nashik, and also covers some districts of Madhya Pradesh like Betul, Burhanpur, and surat of Gujrat.
The principal tributaries of the Tapi river are namely the Purna river, Girna river, Waghur river, Panzara river, Bori river, and the Aner river.

The Godavari River System

The Godavari is the river with another longest course in India, Godavari is oftentimes referred to as the Vriddh (Old). Ganga or the Dakshin (South) Ganga. The name may be apt in too many ways than one, like the river. follows the course of Ganga's tragedy. The length of the river is about 1450 kilometers is about km (900 miles) long. It rises at Trimbakeshwar, near Nasik and Mumbai (earlier Bombay) in Maharashtra around 380 km far. from the Arabian Sea, but flows southeast across south-central India through the state of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, and empties into the Bay of Bengal. At Rajahmundry. 80 km from the coast, the river splits into two channels hence forming a truly rich fertile delta. Like any other major river in India, the banks of this river also have numerous pilgrimage places, Nasik, Triyambak, and Bhadrachalam, being the major ones. It's a seasonal river, widened during the rains and dried during the summers. Godavari river water is brownish. Some of its branches include the Indravati River Pranahita (Combination of Penuganga and Warda), Manjira, Bindusara and Sabari. Nasik, Bhadrachalam, Rajahmundry, and Narsapur are some of the important urban centers on its banks. Consisting of Asia’s largest rail-cum-road bridge on the river Godavari Which links Kovar and Rajahmundry is considered to be an engineering feat.

The Krishna River System 

The Krishna river is considered to be one of the longest rivers of India having a length of about 1300 kilometers. It originates at Mahabaleswar in Maharashtra, passes through Sangli, and meets the ocean in the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi in Andhra Pradesh. The Krishna River flows through the state of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. The source of the river is surprising it is a spout from the mouth of a statue of a cow in the ancient temple of Mahadev in Mahabaleshwar. 
Its most important branch is the Tungabhadra River, which itself is formed by the Tunga and Bhadra rivers that are originated in the Western Ghats. It also has some more tributaries the are the Bhima, Koyna, Ghataprabha, Mallaprabha, Yerla, Dindi, Warna, Dudhganga, and Musi rivers.


The Kaveri River System

The Kaveri river is also spelled as Cauvery or Kavery is one of the greatest rivers of India. The river flows like the river Ganga so it is also known as the Dakshin Ganga (Ganga of the south). The sources of this river are in the Western Ghats range of Karnataka state and flow through Karnataka to Tamil Nadu. At last, it empties itself into the Bay of Bengal. The river has supported irrigated farming for centuries, and the Kaveri has been the lifeblood of the ancient provinces and current metropolises of South India. The source of the river is Talakaveri located in the Western Ghats about 1,500 meters (1500 feet) above ocean level. Talakaveri is one of the well-known pilgrimages and tourist spots set amidst Bramahagiri Hills near Madikeri in the Kodagu region of Karnataka. Thousands of pilgrims flock to the temple at the source of the river, especially on the defined day known as Tula sankramana when the river water has been witnessed to gush out as a fountain at a predetermined time. It flows generally from south to east for around 765 km, emptying itself into the Bay of Bengal through two principal mouths. Its basin is estimated to be 27,700 square miles (71,700 km²), and it has numerous branches including Shimsha, Hemavati, Arkavathy, Kapila, Honnuhole, Lakshmana Tirtha, Kabini, Lokapavani, Bhavani, Noyyal, and Famous Amaravati.

The Mahanadi River System

The Mahanadi is a river in eastern India. Rising from the Satpura range of central India the Mahanadi River flows east to the Bay of Bengal. The Mahanadi drains utmost of the region of Chhattisgarh and much of Orissa and also Jharkhand and Maharashtra. It has a length of approximately 860 km. Near the town of Sambalpur, a large dam-the Hirakund Dam-is made up on the river.

Major Rivers of India

Above we learned about many of the rivers in detail geographically let's see some of the major important rivers of India: 

Image Source for this section is  - WildLifeZones    

Brahmaputra River

Flowing through the state of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh in India, the Brahmaputra river crosses foreign boundaries to travel neighboring countries Bangladesh and China. 
 
Well-known as the largest river in India ( viewing water flow), the Brahmaputra river makes a journey of 2,900 kilometers from origin to the union point. 

Brahmaputra River


It originates from the Angsi glacier near Mount Kailash in Burang County of Tibet, where the river is known as the Yarlung Tsangpo. It flows beyond southern Tibet and enters Arunachal Pradesh. 
 
Keeping up its journey through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra river and southward through Bangladesh, it merges with the river Padma. Later it's known as river Meghna ultimately draining itself into the Bay of Bengal.  Guwahati and Dibrugarh are the two major metropolises placed on the banks of the river Brahmaputra. 


Indus River

home to the ancient Indus valley civilization, the Indus river holds immense historical meaning. 
 
The country of India picked up its name from this great river, Indus. It's considered one of the seven holy rivers in India. 

The river begins its 3180 km long trip from the Tibetan plateau of the Kailash Mountain range near lake Mansarovar. 
Indus River
 


It flows subsequently through Ladakh towards the Gilgit-Baltistan area and southward into Pakistan and finally unites with the Arabian ocean near Karachi. 
 
A major portion (over 60 percent) of the Indus receptacle catchment area lies in Pakistan. Indus Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan allows India to use 20 percent of the total water carried by the Indus swash. 

Some of the major feeders of the Indus swash include the Kabul river, Jhelum River, Chenab River, Ravi River, Beas River, and Sutlej River. 

Godavari River

At 1465 km long, the Godavari river is the longest river in Southern India. It's correspondingly known as Dakshina Ganga’which means “ The Ganges of the South”. 
 
It originates in the Western Ghats near Trimbakeshwar in the Nashik section of Maharashtra. This river is amongst one of the largely glorified rivers in India and finds citation in several Hindu scriptures. 
It flows through several states of India involving Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Odisha before draining into the Bay of Bengal. 
 

Godavari River


Some of its considerable left bank branches are Purna, Pranhita, Indravati, and Sabari rivers, while the right bank branches involve Pravara, Manjira, and Manair rivers. 
The Godavari swash forms the third-largest swash basins in the Indian key after the Ganges and Indus rivers. 


Godavari River

 


The Krishna Godavari Basin is one of the main nesting spots of the endangered Olive Ridley ocean turtle. The river is also home to the endangered fringed-lipped carp namely Labeo fimbriatus. 
The alternate-largest mangrove layout in the motherland known as Coringa mangrove timbers lies in the Godavari delta. 
 
A part of the timber has been converted to Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, well-known for its reptile population. 


Ganges River

Originating at Gaumukh from the Gangotri glacier of the Himalayas, the river is called Bhagirathi at the source and acquires the title Ganges from Devprayag ahead where it meets the Alaknanda. 
 
At 2525 kilometers long, the Ganges is one of the longest rivers in India. correspondingly known as the Ganga, it's the holiest river in Hinduism and is worshipped by devotees as Goddess Ganga. 
The Ganges river rises in the western Himalayan area in Uttarakhand and flows through the Gangetic plains of India before entering into Bangladesh and ultimately ending into the Bay of Bengal. 

Ganges River

 


Its two premier branches are the river Ghaghara, the largest in terms of water volume, and the Yamuna, the longest by distance. 
Some of the prominent metropolises located on the banks of the Ganges are Varanasi, Allahabad, Haridwar, Kanpur, and Patna. 


Narmada River

Arising near the Amarkantak range of mountains in Madhya Pradesh, the Narmada is the largest west running river in Peninsular India. 
 
Draining the state of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat along its 1312 km course, the river ultimately merges into the Arabian ocean. 
Narmada River



Counted amongst one of the seven holy rivers in India, the Narmada river finds citation in the ancient scriptures of Hinduism. 
 
This river has numerous falls, specially Dugdhdhara, Dhardi falls, Kapildhara, and the splendid Dhuandhar falls in Bhedaghat, southwest of Jabalpur. 
Some of the important metropolises and towns positioned on its bank are Jabalpur, Harda, Mandla, Bharuch, and Omkareshwar. 
 
The valley of river Narmada supports a broad diverseness of wildlife within its safeguarded regions involving Bandhavgarh National Park and Kanha National Park. 

Two tributaries of Narmada, namely, Hallon and Banjar, stream through the timbers of Kanha. 

Krishna River

Correspondingly known as Krishnaveni, the Krishna river has its source in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra. 
 
It's one of the most momentous peninsular rivers in India flowing its course of 1400 km through the state of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and eventually draining itself into the Bay of Bengal near Koduru in Andhra Pradesh. 

Krishna River


Tungabhadra river on the right bank is the largest branch while the Bhima river at 861 km long is the longest branch of the Krishna river. 
 
 It's the fourth-biggest river in terms of river basin region in India, after the Ganges, Godavari, and the Brahmaputra. The delta of the Krishna river is one of the most productive regions in India. 
There are numerous dams constructed across this river to operate river water for irrigation and electricity production. The noticeable ones are Srisailam Dam and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam. 

Backwater of Krishna River

 
Sangli in Maharashtra and Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh are the two largest metropolises on the banks of the Krishna river. 
The Krishna basin supports rich vegetation and hosts some of the elegant wildlife sanctuaries in India. 
 
The last surviving Mangrove timbers in the Krishna estuary have been announced as the Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary. 
some other considerable wildlife-defended regions in the Krishna basin involve Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary, and Chandoli National Park. 

Yamuna River

Known as the longest branch of the river Ganges in India, the Yamuna river rises from the Yamunotri Glacier at an altitude of 6387 meters in the Lower Himalaya area of Uttarakhand. 
 
It traverses the states of Uttarakhand, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh along its course of 1376 kilometers. 

Yamuna River


It continues to run till it merges with the Ganges at Sangam in Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh). The convergence of two rivers is a holy site to Hindus where the notorious Kumbh Mela is organized every 12 years. 
 
The river Yamuna is worshipped as goddess Yamuna by Hindus and is largely venerated in Hinduism. The Tons river is its largest branch running through the Garhwal area in Uttarakhand. 
In extension to the Ganges, it's correspondingly a major destination for water-grounded adventure sports like white-water rafting in Uttarakhand. 


Mahanadi River

Arising from an elevation of 442 meters (1450 ft) in the mountains of southeastern Chhattisgarh, Mahanadi is one of the considerable rivers in India. 
 
The word Mahanadi is a combination of two Sanskrit terms maha meaning great and Nadi meaning river. 

Mahanadi River


The river flows northwards through the Raipur region in Chhattisgarh and after meeting the Seonath river it turns east and enters Odisha. 
 
The world’s largest earthen dam – Hirakud dam has been constructed on the Mahanadi river near Sambalpur megacity in Odisha. 
Behind the dam, the 55 km long Hirakud reservoir forms one of the longest man-made lakes in Asia. It traverses Cuttack and Puri districts and ultimately merges into the Bay of Bengal. 


Kaveri River

The largest river in Tamil Nadu, Kaveri (Cauvery) river has its source in the foothills of the Western Ghats at Talakaveri in the Kodagu section of Karnataka. 

 Running from south to eastwards along its 805 km course through the lands of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, the river empties into the Bay of Bengal. 

Along its trip from the Kodagu mountains to the Deccan plateau, the Kaveri river forms two islands in Srirangapatna and Shivanasamudra. 


Cascading down from a peak of 98 meters (320 ft) at Shivanasamudra, the river gives birth to the glorious Shivanasamudra falls. 

The second hydroelectric factory in India was constructed on this falls in 1902 to provide electricity to the megacity of Bengaluru. The earliest one was established in Darjeeling in the year 1898. 

Some of the main branches of the river include Hemavati, Hemavati, and Kabini river. 

This river is largely worshipped by Hindus and a temple has also been constructed in Talakaveri devoted to Goddess Kaveri. Talakaveri is one of the prime tourist lodestones in Coorg. 

The river Kaveri has a monumental place in Tamil literature and is enumerated amongst one of the most appreciated and celebrated rivers in India. 

Known as the lifeline of Karnataka and Tamilnadu, this river is the main source of drinking water, irrigation, and electricity. The Kaveri delta forms one of the most fertile areas in the country. 

One of the renowned bird sanctuaries in Karnataka, Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is also positioned on the banks of the Kaveri river. 

Tapi River

Running westwards through Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat over a distance of 724 km, the Tapti (or Tapi) river originates from Gawilgarh Hills in the Satpura range of the central Deccan plateau. It drains into the Arabian ocean through the Gulf of Khambhat. 

It's amongst one of the three peninsular rivers in India that flow from east to west, apart from the Narmada and Mahi rivers. The main branches of the Tapti river are the Purna, Girna, Panjhra, Bori, Waghur, and Aner rivers. 

Tapti River


Legend has it that the river Tapti is the son of Surya, the Sun-god, and Chhaya, the goddess of shadow. 

Some major municipalities located on the bank of the river are Bhusawal in Maharashtra, Surat in Gujarat, Betul, Multai, and Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh. 

On the southeastern bank of the river, lies Melghat Tiger Reserve in the Amravati section. It's amongst one of the foremost nine tiger reserves notified under the Project Tiger. 

The river nurtures and supports wildlife in the Melghat timber, which is well-known for its rich flora and fauna. 

Sutlej River

An ancient river and the easternmost branch of the Indus river, the Sutlej river has its origin in Lake Rakshastal in Tibet. It's the longest of the five rivers that give the state of Punjab its name. 
 
The river traverses a number of Himalayan ravines before entering the plains of Punjab near Nangal and also merges with the Beas river in Punjab. 

Sutlej River


keeping up its journey west-southwest the Sutlej enters Pakistan where it joins the Chenab river before combining into the Indus. It flows for 1050 kilometers in the Indian territory out of its total length of 1450 kilometers. 
 
There are several hydroelectric plans on the river Sutlej involving Bhakra Dam, Nathpa Jhakri Dam, and Karcham Wangtoo Hydroelectric Plant. 


Chambal River

One of the major branches of the river Yamuna at 965 km long, the river Chambal rises in the Vindhya Range near Indore in Madhya Pradesh. 

 It traverses three states in India namely, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh, and correspondingly forms part of the Rajasthan-Madhya Pradesh boundary. 

Chambal River


The river finishes at the convergence of five rivers involving the Chambal, Yamuna, Sind, Pahuj, and Kwari near Bhareh in Uttar Pradesh. 

 The Chambal river is amongst one of the uncontaminated rivers in India. It's home to several fascinating marine animals carrying Gangetic river dolphins, red-crowned roof turtle, and mugger crocodile. 

A part of the river flows through the National Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary supporting the floral and faunal growth of the sanctuary. 

With more than 300 species of resident and migrant birds, the sanctuary is a birdwatchers’ fantasyland.


Beas River

Streaming through the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab along its 470 km course, the Beas river is a major branch of the river Sutlej. 

It rises from the Beas Kund in the Dhauladhar range of the majestic Himalayas, ultimately draining into the river Sutlej at Kapurthala in Punjab. 

Beas Kund is a popular trekking destination near Manali. The major branches of the river are Bain, Banganga, Luni and Uhal. 

Beas River


 It's one of the five rivers from which the Indian state of Punjab gets its name. According to the legends, the sage Ved Vyasa created this river from its source lake. The holy river Beas finds mentioned in the scripts of the Indian epic Mahabharata as the Vipasa river. 

The Beas River is a source of drinking water for people living in the Kullu, Mandi, and Kangra regions. The blue waters of the Beas river add to the scenic enchantress of the fascinating Kullu and Kangra valleys. 

Tungabhadra River

Formed by the convergence of the Tunga River and the Bhadra River at Koodli in the Shimoga section of Karnataka, the Tungabhadra river is a major branch of the Krishna river. 

It's one of the significant rivers in India which is part of the South Indian Peninsula. 

Along its length of 531 km, the river flows through Karnataka, Telangana before combining into the Krishna River near Sangameswaram village in the Kurnool section of Andhra Pradesh. 

TungaBhandra River


This holy river has been mentioned in the epic Ramayana as the river Pampa. The Place of the combination of the Tungabhadra and the Krishna River is a holy pilgrimage site. 

The Sangameswara temple devoted to Lord Shiva a well-known Hindu temple is located at the point of conjunction in the Kurnool section. 

There are several ancient and holy spots positioned on the banks of the river Tungabhadra involving the Pampapati temple devoted to Lord Shiva in Karnataka, Sri Jogulamba Temple devoted to Goddess Parvati in Andhra Pradesh.

The Tungabhadra river water has been dammed to construct the Tungabhadra dam near the city of Hospet in Karnataka for irrigation and electricity origination. 

Merely 14 km away from Tungabhadra dam, lies the UNESCO World Heritage Site Hampi, which was the capital of the historical Vijayanagara Dynasty. 

Sabarmati River

Rising from the Aravali mountains in Rajasthan the Sabarmati river travels its 48 km long course in Rajasthan and 323 km in Gujarat, eventually joining the Arabian ocean at the Gulf of Cambay (Khambhat). The river is fed by rainwater and flows with its full potency during the rainfall.

Sabarmati River

 
The main branches of this river are the Wakal, Harnav, Watrak, Hathmati, and Sei rivers. Several dams have been constructed on this river and its branches. 
Dharoi dam is positioned on the Sabarmati main river while Hathmati, Harnav, Watrak, and Mazam dams are on the branches of the river. Sabarmati Ashram - India’s greatest freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi established Sabarmati Ashram as his home on the banks of this river in Ahmedabad.

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